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setup.c

/*
 * setup.c: $Id: setup.c,v 1.12 2004/10/13 22:02:23 amcwilliam Exp $
 *  
 */
/*
 * setup.c
 * - configuration file parsing
 * - management of global state
 */
/*
 *  This file is
 *    Copyright (C) 1997-1999 Ian Jackson <ian@davenant.greenend.org.uk>
 *
 *  It is part of adns, which is
 *    Copyright (C) 1997-2000 Ian Jackson <ian@davenant.greenend.org.uk>
 *    Copyright (C) 1999-2000 Tony Finch <dot@dotat.at>
 *  
 *  This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 *  it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 *  the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option)
 *  any later version.
 *  
 *  This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 *  but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 *  MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 *  GNU General Public License for more details.
 *  
 *  You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 *  along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation,
 *  Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA. 
 */

#include <stdlib.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <limits.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <fcntl.h>

#include <netdb.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <netinet/in.h>
#include <arpa/inet.h>

#include "internal.h"
#include "memory.h"
#include "config.h"
#include "conf2.h"

extern const char *inetntoa(const char *);
extern int inetpton(const char *, void *);

extern int engine_open(int, int);
extern void fd_close(int);

#ifndef INADDR_LOOPBACK
#define INADDR_LOOPBACK 0x7f000001
#endif 
static void readconfig(adns_state ads, const char *filename, int warnmissing);

static void addserver(adns_state ads, struct in_addr addr) {
  int i;
  struct server *ss;
  
  if(addr.s_addr == 0)
      addr.s_addr = htonl(INADDR_LOOPBACK);     
  
  for (i=0; i<ads->nservers; i++) {
    if (ads->servers[i].addr.s_addr == addr.s_addr) {
      adns__debug(ads,-1,0,"duplicate nameserver %s ignored",inetntoa((const char *)&addr));
      return;
    }
  }
  
  if (ads->nservers>=MAXSERVERS) {
    adns__diag(ads,-1,0,"too many nameservers, ignoring %s",inetntoa((const char *)&addr));
    return;
  }

  ss= ads->servers+ads->nservers;
  ss->addr= addr;
  ads->nservers++;
}

static void freesearchlist(adns_state ads) {
  if (ads->nsearchlist) MyFree(*ads->searchlist);
  MyFree(ads->searchlist);
}

static void saveerr(adns_state ads, int en) {
  if (!ads->configerrno) ads->configerrno= en;
}

static void configparseerr(adns_state ads, const char *fn, int lno,
                     const char *fmt, ...) {
  va_list al;

  saveerr(ads,EINVAL);
  if (!ads->diagfile || (ads->iflags & adns_if_noerrprint)) return;

  if (lno==-1) fprintf(ads->diagfile,"adns: %s: ",fn);
  else fprintf(ads->diagfile,"adns: %s:%d: ",fn,lno);
  va_start(al,fmt);
  vfprintf(ads->diagfile,fmt,al);
  va_end(al);
  fputc('\n',ads->diagfile);
}

static int nextword(const char **bufp_io, const char **word_r, int *l_r) {
  const char *p, *q;

  p= *bufp_io;
  while (ctype_whitespace(*p)) p++;
  if (!*p) return 0;

  q= p;
  while (*q && !ctype_whitespace(*q)) q++;

  *l_r= q-p;
  *word_r= p;
  *bufp_io= q;

  return 1;
}

static void ccf_nameserver(adns_state ads, const char *fn, int lno, const char *buf) {
  struct in_addr ia;
  
  if (!inetpton(buf,&ia)) {
    configparseerr(ads,fn,lno,"invalid nameserver address `%s'",buf);
    return;
  }
  adns__debug(ads,-1,0,"using nameserver %s",inetntoa((const char *)&ia));
  addserver(ads,ia);
}

static void ccf_search(adns_state ads, const char *fn, int lno, const char *buf) {
  const char *bufp, *word;
  char *newchars, **newptrs, **pp;
  int count, tl, l;

  if (!buf) return;

  bufp= buf;
  count= 0;
  tl= 0;
  while (nextword(&bufp,&word,&l)) { count++; tl += l+1; }

  newptrs= MyMalloc(sizeof(char*)*count);  if (!newptrs) { saveerr(ads,errno); return; }
  newchars= MyMalloc(tl);  if (!newchars) { saveerr(ads,errno); MyFree(newptrs); return; }

  bufp= buf;
  pp= newptrs;
  while (nextword(&bufp,&word,&l)) {
    *pp++= newchars;
    memcpy(newchars,word,l);
    newchars += l;
    *newchars++ = 0;
  }

  freesearchlist(ads);
  ads->nsearchlist= count;
  ads->searchlist= newptrs;
}

static void ccf_sortlist(adns_state ads, const char *fn, int lno, const char *buf) {
  const char *word;
  char tbuf[200], *slash, *ep;
  struct in_addr base, mask;
  int l;
  unsigned long initial, baselocal;

  if (!buf) return;
  
  ads->nsortlist= 0;
  while (nextword(&buf,&word,&l)) {
    if (ads->nsortlist >= MAXSORTLIST) {
      adns__diag(ads,-1,0,"too many sortlist entries, ignoring %.*s onwards",l,word);
      return;
    }

    if (l >= sizeof(tbuf)) {
      configparseerr(ads,fn,lno,"sortlist entry `%.*s' too long",l,word);
      continue;
    }
    
    memcpy(tbuf,word,l); tbuf[l]= 0;
    slash= strchr(tbuf,'/');
    if (slash) *slash++= 0;
    
    if (!inetpton(tbuf,&base)) {
      configparseerr(ads,fn,lno,"invalid address `%s' in sortlist",tbuf);
      continue;
    }

    if (slash) {
      if (strchr(slash,'.')) {
      if (!inetpton(slash,&mask)) {
        configparseerr(ads,fn,lno,"invalid mask `%s' in sortlist",slash);
        continue;
      }
      if (base.s_addr & ~mask.s_addr) {
        configparseerr(ads,fn,lno,
                   "mask `%s' in sortlist overlaps address `%s'",slash,tbuf);
        continue;
      }
      } else {
      initial= strtoul(slash,&ep,10);
      if (*ep || initial>32) {
        configparseerr(ads,fn,lno,"mask length `%s' invalid",slash);
        continue;
      }
      mask.s_addr= htonl((0x0ffffffffUL) << (32-initial));
      }
    } else {
      baselocal= ntohl(base.s_addr);
      if (!baselocal & 0x080000000UL) /* class A */
      mask.s_addr= htonl(0x0ff000000UL);
      else if ((baselocal & 0x0c0000000UL) == 0x080000000UL)
      mask.s_addr= htonl(0x0ffff0000UL); /* class B */
      else if ((baselocal & 0x0f0000000UL) == 0x0e0000000UL)
      mask.s_addr= htonl(0x0ff000000UL); /* class C */
      else {
      configparseerr(ads,fn,lno,
                   "network address `%s' in sortlist is not in classed ranges,"
                   " must specify mask explicitly", tbuf);
      continue;
      }
    }

    ads->sortlist[ads->nsortlist].base= base;
    ads->sortlist[ads->nsortlist].mask= mask;
    ads->nsortlist++;
  }
}

static void ccf_options(adns_state ads, const char *fn, int lno, const char *buf) {
  const char *word;
  char *ep;
  unsigned long v;
  int l;

  if (!buf) return;

  while (nextword(&buf,&word,&l)) {
    if (l==5 && !memcmp(word,"debug",5)) {
      ads->iflags |= adns_if_debug;
      continue;
    }
    if (l>=6 && !memcmp(word,"ndots:",6)) {
      v= strtoul(word+6,&ep,10);
      if (l==6 || ep != word+l || v > INT_MAX) {
      configparseerr(ads,fn,lno,"option `%.*s' malformed or has bad value",l,word);
      continue;
      }
      ads->searchndots= v;
      continue;
    }
    if (l>=12 && !memcmp(word,"adns_checkc:",12)) {
      if (!strcmp(word+12,"none")) {
      ads->iflags &= ~adns_if_checkc_freq;
      ads->iflags |= adns_if_checkc_entex;
      } else if (!strcmp(word+12,"entex")) {
      ads->iflags &= ~adns_if_checkc_freq;
      ads->iflags |= adns_if_checkc_entex;
      } else if (!strcmp(word+12,"freq")) {
      ads->iflags |= adns_if_checkc_freq;
      } else {
      configparseerr(ads,fn,lno, "option adns_checkc has bad value `%s' "
                   "(must be none, entex or freq", word+12);
      }
      continue;
    }
    adns__diag(ads,-1,0,"%s:%d: unknown option `%.*s'", fn,lno, l,word);
  }
}

static void ccf_clearnss(adns_state ads, const char *fn, int lno, const char *buf) {
  ads->nservers= 0;
}

static void ccf_include(adns_state ads, const char *fn, int lno, const char *buf) {
  if (!*buf) {
    configparseerr(ads,fn,lno,"`include' directive with no filename");
    return;
  }
  readconfig(ads,buf,1);
}

static const struct configcommandinfo {
  const char *name;
  void (*fn)(adns_state ads, const char *fn, int lno, const char *buf);
} configcommandinfos[]= {
  { "nameserver",        ccf_nameserver  },
  { "domain",            ccf_search      },
  { "search",            ccf_search      },
  { "sortlist",          ccf_sortlist    },
  { "options",           ccf_options     },
  { "clearnameservers",  ccf_clearnss    },
  { "include",           ccf_include     },
  {  0                                   }
};

typedef union {
  FILE *file;
  const char *text;
} getline_ctx;

static int gl_file(adns_state ads, getline_ctx *src_io, const char *filename,
               int lno, char *buf, int buflen) {
  FILE *file= src_io->file;
  int c, i;
  char *p;

  p= buf;
  buflen--;
  i= 0;
    
  for (;;) { /* loop over chars */
    if (i == buflen) {
      adns__diag(ads,-1,0,"%s:%d: line too long, ignored",filename,lno);
      goto x_badline;
    }
    c= getc(file);
    if (!c) {
      adns__diag(ads,-1,0,"%s:%d: line contains nul, ignored",filename,lno);
      goto x_badline;
    } else if (c == '\n') {
      break;
    } else if (c == EOF) {
      if (ferror(file)) {
      saveerr(ads,errno);
      adns__diag(ads,-1,0,"%s:%d: read error: %s",filename,lno,strerror(errno));
      return -1;
      }
      if (!i) return -1;
      break;
    } else {
      *p++= c;
      i++;
    }
  }

  *p++= 0;
  return i;

 x_badline:
  saveerr(ads,EINVAL);
  while ((c= getc(file)) != EOF && c != '\n');
  return -2;
}

static int gl_text(adns_state ads, getline_ctx *src_io, const char *filename,
               int lno, char *buf, int buflen) {
  const char *cp= src_io->text;
  int l;

  if (!cp || !*cp) return -1;

  if (*cp == ';' || *cp == '\n') cp++;
  l= strcspn(cp,";\n");
  src_io->text = cp+l;

  if (l >= buflen) {
    adns__diag(ads,-1,0,"%s:%d: line too long, ignored",filename,lno);
    saveerr(ads,EINVAL);
    return -2;
  }
    
  memcpy(buf,cp,l);
  buf[l]= 0;
  return l;
}

static void readconfiggeneric(adns_state ads, const char *filename,
                        int (*getline)(adns_state ads, getline_ctx*,
                                   const char *filename, int lno,
                                   char *buf, int buflen),
                        /* Returns >=0 for success, -1 for EOF or error
                         * (error will have been reported), or -2 for
                         * bad line was encountered, try again.
                         */
                        getline_ctx gl_ctx) {
  char linebuf[2000], *p, *q;
  int lno, l, dirl;
  const struct configcommandinfo *ccip;

  for (lno=1;
       (l= getline(ads,&gl_ctx, filename,lno, linebuf,sizeof(linebuf))) != -1;
       lno++) {
    if (l == -2) continue;
    while (l>0 && ctype_whitespace(linebuf[l-1])) l--;
    linebuf[l]= 0;
    p= linebuf;
    while (ctype_whitespace(*p)) p++;
    if (*p == '#' || *p == ';' || !*p) continue;
    q= p;
    while (*q && !ctype_whitespace(*q)) q++;
    dirl= q-p;
    for (ccip=configcommandinfos;
       ccip->name && !(strlen(ccip->name)==dirl && !memcmp(ccip->name,p,q-p));
       ccip++);
    if (!ccip->name) {
      adns__diag(ads,-1,0,"%s:%d: unknown configuration directive `%.*s'",
             filename,lno,q-p,p);
      continue;
    }
    while (ctype_whitespace(*q)) q++;
    ccip->fn(ads,filename,lno,q);
  }
}

static const char *instrum_getenv(adns_state ads, const char *envvar) {
  const char *value;

  value= getenv(envvar);
  if (!value) adns__debug(ads,-1,0,"environment variable %s not set",envvar);
  else adns__debug(ads,-1,0,"environment variable %s set to `%s'",envvar,value);
  return value;
}

static void readconfig(adns_state ads, const char *filename, int warnmissing) {
  getline_ctx gl_ctx;
  
  gl_ctx.file= fopen(filename,"r");
  if (!gl_ctx.file) {
    if (errno == ENOENT) {
      if (warnmissing)
      adns__debug(ads,-1,0,"configuration file `%s' does not exist",filename);
      return;
    }
    saveerr(ads,errno);
    adns__diag(ads,-1,0,"cannot open configuration file `%s': %s",
             filename,strerror(errno));
    return;
  }

  readconfiggeneric(ads,filename,gl_file,gl_ctx);
  
  fclose(gl_ctx.file);
}

static void readconfigtext(adns_state ads, const char *text, const char *showname) {
  getline_ctx gl_ctx;
  
  gl_ctx.text= text;
  readconfiggeneric(ads,showname,gl_text,gl_ctx);
}
  
static void readconfigenv(adns_state ads, const char *envvar) {
  const char *filename;

  if (ads->iflags & adns_if_noenv) {
    adns__debug(ads,-1,0,"not checking environment variable `%s'",envvar);
    return;
  }
  filename= instrum_getenv(ads,envvar);
  if (filename) readconfig(ads,filename,1);
}

static void readconfigenvtext(adns_state ads, const char *envvar) {
  const char *textdata;

  if (ads->iflags & adns_if_noenv) {
    adns__debug(ads,-1,0,"not checking environment variable `%s'",envvar);
    return;
  }
  textdata= instrum_getenv(ads,envvar);
  if (textdata) readconfigtext(ads,textdata,envvar);
}


int adns__setnonblock(adns_state ads, int fd) {
  int r;
  
  r= fcntl(fd,F_GETFL,0); if (r<0) return errno;
  r |= O_NONBLOCK;
  r= fcntl(fd,F_SETFL,r); if (r<0) return errno;
  return 0;
}

static int init_begin(adns_state *ads_r, adns_initflags flags, FILE *diagfile) {
  adns_state ads;
  
  ads= MyMalloc(sizeof(*ads)); if (!ads) return errno;

  ads->iflags= flags;
  ads->diagfile= diagfile;
  ads->configerrno= 0;
  DLIST_INIT(ads->udpw);
  DLIST_INIT(ads->tcpw);
  DLIST_INIT(ads->childw);
  DLIST_INIT(ads->output);
  ads->forallnext= 0;
  ads->nextid= 0x311f;
  ads->udpsocket= ads->tcpsocket= -1;
  adns__vbuf_init(&ads->tcpsend);
  adns__vbuf_init(&ads->tcprecv);
  ads->tcprecv_skip= 0;
  ads->nservers= ads->nsortlist= ads->nsearchlist= ads->tcpserver= 0;
  ads->searchndots= 1;
  ads->tcpstate= server_disconnected;
  timerclear(&ads->tcptimeout);
  ads->searchlist= 0;

  *ads_r= ads;
  return 0;
}

static int init_finish(adns_state ads) {
  struct in_addr ia;
  int r;
  
  if (!ads->nservers) {
    if (ads->diagfile && ads->iflags & adns_if_debug)
      fprintf(ads->diagfile,"adns: no nameservers, using localhost\n");
    ia.s_addr= htonl(INADDR_LOOPBACK);
    addserver(ads,ia);
  }
  ads->udpsocket= engine_open(SOCK_DGRAM, IPPROTO_UDP);
  if (ads->udpsocket<0) { r= errno; goto x_free; }

  r= adns__setnonblock(ads,ads->udpsocket);
  if (r) { r= errno; goto x_closeudp; }
  
  return 0;

 x_closeudp:
  fd_close(ads->udpsocket);
 x_free:
  MyFree(ads);
  return r;
}

static void init_abort(adns_state ads) {
  if (ads->nsearchlist) {
    MyFree(ads->searchlist[0]);
    MyFree(ads->searchlist);
  }
  MyFree(ads);
}

int adns_init(adns_state *ads_r, adns_initflags flags, FILE *diagfile) {
  adns_state ads;
  const char *res_options, *adns_res_options;
  int r;
  
  r= init_begin(&ads, flags, diagfile ? diagfile : stderr);
  if (r) return r;
  
  res_options= instrum_getenv(ads,"RES_OPTIONS");
  adns_res_options= instrum_getenv(ads,"ADNS_RES_OPTIONS");
  ccf_options(ads,"RES_OPTIONS",-1,res_options);
  ccf_options(ads,"ADNS_RES_OPTIONS",-1,adns_res_options);

  readconfig(ads,RESOLVER_FILE,1);
  readconfig(ads,"/etc/resolv-adns.conf",0);
  readconfigenv(ads,"RES_CONF");
  readconfigenv(ads,"ADNS_RES_CONF");

  readconfigenvtext(ads,"RES_CONF_TEXT");
  readconfigenvtext(ads,"ADNS_RES_CONF_TEXT");

  ccf_options(ads,"RES_OPTIONS",-1,res_options);
  ccf_options(ads,"ADNS_RES_OPTIONS",-1,adns_res_options);

  ccf_search(ads,"LOCALDOMAIN",-1,instrum_getenv(ads,"LOCALDOMAIN"));
  ccf_search(ads,"ADNS_LOCALDOMAIN",-1,instrum_getenv(ads,"ADNS_LOCALDOMAIN"));

  if (ads->configerrno && ads->configerrno != EINVAL) {
    r= ads->configerrno;
    init_abort(ads);
    return r;
  }

  r= init_finish(ads);
  if (r) return r;

  adns__consistency(ads,0,cc_entex);
  *ads_r= ads;
  return 0;
}

int adns_init_strcfg(adns_state *ads_r, adns_initflags flags,
                 FILE *diagfile, const char *configtext) {
  adns_state ads;
  int r;

  r= init_begin(&ads, flags, diagfile);  if (r) return r;

  readconfigtext(ads,configtext,"<supplied configuration text>");
  if (ads->configerrno) {
    r= ads->configerrno;
    init_abort(ads);
    return r;
  }

  r= init_finish(ads);  if (r) return r;
  adns__consistency(ads,0,cc_entex);
  *ads_r= ads;
  return 0;
}


void adns_finish(adns_state ads) {
  adns__consistency(ads,0,cc_entex);
  for (;;) {
    if (ads->udpw.head) adns_cancel(ads->udpw.head);
    else if (ads->tcpw.head) adns_cancel(ads->tcpw.head);
    else if (ads->childw.head) adns_cancel(ads->childw.head);
    else if (ads->output.head) adns_cancel(ads->output.head);
    else break;
  }
  fd_close(ads->udpsocket);
  if (ads->tcpsocket >= 0) fd_close(ads->tcpsocket);
  adns__vbuf_free(&ads->tcpsend);
  adns__vbuf_free(&ads->tcprecv);
  freesearchlist(ads);
  MyFree(ads);
}

void adns_forallqueries_begin(adns_state ads) {
  adns__consistency(ads,0,cc_entex);
  ads->forallnext=
    ads->udpw.head ? ads->udpw.head :
    ads->tcpw.head ? ads->tcpw.head :
    ads->childw.head ? ads->childw.head :
    ads->output.head;
}
  
adns_query adns_forallqueries_next(adns_state ads, void **context_r) {
  adns_query qu, nqu;

  adns__consistency(ads,0,cc_entex);
  nqu= ads->forallnext;
  for (;;) {
    qu= nqu;
    if (!qu) return 0;
    if (qu->next) {
      nqu= qu->next;
    } else if (qu == ads->udpw.tail) {
      nqu=
      ads->tcpw.head ? ads->tcpw.head :
      ads->childw.head ? ads->childw.head :
      ads->output.head;
    } else if (qu == ads->tcpw.tail) {
      nqu=
      ads->childw.head ? ads->childw.head :
      ads->output.head;
    } else if (qu == ads->childw.tail) {
      nqu= ads->output.head;
    } else {
      nqu= 0;
    }
    if (!qu->parent) break;
  }
  ads->forallnext= nqu;
  if (context_r) *context_r= qu->ctx.ext;
  return qu;
}

int adns__rereadconfig(adns_state ads)
{
  struct in_addr ia;
  adns__consistency(ads,0,cc_entex);
  ads->nservers = 0;
  ads->servers[0].addr.s_addr = 0;
  readconfig(ads,RESOLVER_FILE,1);
  readconfig(ads,"/etc/resolv-adns.conf",0);
  if (!ads->nservers)
  {
      ia.s_addr= htonl(INADDR_LOOPBACK);
      addserver(ads,ia);
  }
  adns__consistency(ads,0,cc_entex);
  return 0;
}



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